by Edith Hathaway © 2014
Birth data and background
Edward Snowden was born June 21, 1983, 4:42 am EDT, Elizabeth City, North Carolina. (Class AA data) Using Lahiri ayanamsha, his Ascendant is 18:37 Taurus. He grew up in a Maryland suburb, where his parents and extended family worked in various ways for the government, including his older sister. It seemed a natural development that Edward too would gravitate to work in some way for the government.
In the short time since he became known as a NSA whistleblower in June 2013, the terms “Pre-Snowden” and “Post-Snowden” have been used commonly. His own life could also be defined as “Pre-9/11” and “Post 9/11,” similar to that of many young Americans. From 1999 to 2001 Snowden’s family life was also disrupted by the dissolution of his parents’ marriage. In Feb. 2001 his mother filed for divorce and it was finalized three months later. (By 2003 his father remarried and moved to Pennsylvania.) In 2001 Edward Snowden was a young and patriotic 18-year old who wanted to serve his country after the traumatic events of 9/11. Aiming to join the Special Forces in the war in Iraq, he enlisted in the U.S. Army and was admitted May 7, 2004. But he broke both legs in an infantry training accident, probably in late Aug. 2004, and was discharged from the U.S. Army on Sept. 28, 2004.
This was followed by a series of jobs quickly evolving to high-level intelligence work but starting in security and training him further in computer engineering and networking, a subject that had ignited him since childhood and more seriously from age 16 – when he left high school after 10th grade. A 9-month bout of mononucleosis kept him out of school most of that school year. Rather than repeat the 10th grade he chose to drop out and complete his education in other ways, taking computer courses at a local community college, working for a friend with a startup tech company, and later taking the GED exams for high school equivalency. A big reader from childhood, especially of Greek mythology, he scored 145 on two separate IQ tests in his teen years. His high intelligence, his relatively more independent education and strong urge towards self-education combined to make him more thoughtful and independent. Apparently most at ease with his father’s Republican, libertarian politics, he also claims some distaste for politics in general. As a whistleblower he chose to remove his personal politics altogether from the equation. Some of his more provincial viewpoints were expanded through work and residence abroad, on and off from 2007. Residence abroad is among the 7th or 12th house settings. The 20-year JU-SA conjunction occurred at 28:52 Aries in the 7th house from his Libra Moon and 12th house from his Taurus Ascendant, potentially impacting the next 20 years: May 28, 2000 to Dec. 21, 2020.
The Saturn factors
In late Sept. 1999, soon after he dropped out of high school, Snowden entered his 19-year Saturn Dasha. For a person with a Taurus Ascendant chart Saturn is an excellent planet, a Raja yogakaraka (king-maker planet), as it rules over Houses 9 and 10, a trinal and angular house, considered powerful and auspicious houses. Therefore Saturn can bring decisive changes and improvements to the life, depending on the placement of Saturn. Even so, Saturn is the planet of Karma and always a taskmaster. With exalted Saturn in Libra in the 6th house, his entry into technical and military work is logical. This chapter of his life centers on 6th house matters, including employment, health and legal concerns, theft, open enemies, conflicts, wounds and accidents. Saturn is well situated and considered a protective force in the 6th house, a tough classical malefic that eagerly faces challenges – not flinching to deal with conflicts and controversies. The movement of transiting Saturn through the zodiac is especially important during the 19-year Saturn Dasha, when Saturn is also Dasha lord. Saturn is the elder, and brings greater responsibilities and pressures, demanding greater maturity during its Dasha and/or transits, all relative to the houses and planets it aspects.
Snowden’s natal Saturn in Libra conjoins his natal Moon, and from Libra Saturn aspects his Ascendant lord Venus in Cancer. This gives him an air of authority, even from a young age, and one with likely substance. This comes in part from Venus in the 10th house from Dasha lord and also from Moon, the latter called Amala yoga. Amala is Sanskrit for “spotless.” This yoga brings lasting fame and reputation, spotless character and prosperity. A Parivartana yoga (mutual exchange) between Moon and Venus strengthens the whole configuration, while Saturn’s involvement implies a more technical profession. Saturn is strong in Libra, its sign of exaltation, as well as in the 6th house. The Moon-Saturn placement and the timing of both his 19-year Saturn Dasha and Saturn transits to his chart describe a person likely to mature earlier in life or at the very least face big responsibilities then, including in this case emotional ruptures such as the parents’ divorce. His 19-year Saturn Dasha starts Sept. 30, 1999, but this process truly starts with tr. Saturn in Aries (April 18, 1998 to June 7, 2000), impacting five natal planets, including his Sun and Moon. The Saturn effect accelerates when Saturn Dasha begins in fall 1999 and with tr. Saturn on his Taurus Ascendant. Saturn passes through Aries, Taurus and Gemini April 18, 1998 to May 27, 2005.
With tr. Saturn in Taurus (June 7, 2000 to July 24, 2002; Jan. 9 to Apr. 7, 2003), Snowden’s family life was shattered by the parents’ divorce and 9/11 motivated him to enter military service. Tr. Saturn in the 8th house from Moon (or Ascendant) can bring losses and/or separations, as in this case. Just prior to this, he was in the last sub-period of the 16-year Jupiter Dasha: May 6, 1997 to Sept. 30, 1999). This sub-period can cause dangers or troubles in domestic affairs if Rahu is in the 8th or 12th house from Dasha lord Jupiter and conjoining classical malefic planets. Both of these factors are present here. Natal Rahu closely contacts Mars and Sun, two planets symbolizing physical strength and stamina, and destabilized and/or exaggerated by Rahu’s influence, an effect that is doubled by transiting Rahu-Ketu in Cancer-Capricorn Oct. 17, 1998 to Sept. 2, 2000, affecting his Ascendant lord Venus. A solar eclipse at 24:30 Cancer occurred close to his Venus on Aug. 11, 1999. Snowden’s high school career was short-circuited at that time by mononucleosis. Another key factor was the deterioration of his parents’ marriage from 1999 or earlier, culminating in divorce in spring 2001.
Tr. Saturn’s return to the sign of Libra carried particular importance during Saturn Dasha. Further, Saturn’s transits to the 12th, 1st and 2nd houses from the Moon comprise the pivotal years of Sade Sati, meaning literally “7 ½.” This takes an average of 7 ½ years, and Snowden was also born in Sade Sati. With natal Moon in Libra, the Sade Sati involves tr. Saturn in Virgo, Libra and Scorpio.
SADE SATI: Tr. Saturn in Virgo, Libra & Scorpio: Sept. 10, 2009 to Oct. 27, 2017.
- Saturn in Virgo: Sept. 10, 2009 to Nov. 16, 2011; May 16, 2012 to Aug. 4, 2012. (Saturn aspects 4 planets: Mars, Rahu & Sun in Gemini, also Jupiter in Scorpio.)
- Saturn in Libra: Nov. 16, 2011 to May 16, 2012; Aug. 4, 2012 to Nov. 2, 2014. (Saturn returns to natal position, contacting or aspecting 4 planets: Saturn & Moon in Libra, Ketu in Sagittarius and Venus in Cancer.)
- Saturn in Scorpio: Nov. 2, 2014 to Jan. 27, 2017; June 22, 2017 to Oct. 27, 2017. (Saturn contacts or aspects 2 planets and the Ascendant: Jupiter in Scorpio, Mercury & Ascendant in Taurus.)
Some sort of pressure (probably in a 6th house setting, such as the workplace) would be likely to start from Sept. 2009, while the middle portion of Sade Sati promises to be the most intense due to contacts to both natal Moon and Ascendant lord Venus, activating both the Parivartana and Amala yogas. Tr. Saturn in Libra coincided with his greater sense of urgency to collect a wide range of NSA documents and expose them publicly, while dealing with the likely radical consequences to his personal life for taking such actions. Meanwhile his natal Mars-Rahu-Sun in Gemini is the combination giving him the potential to be deceptive and to be involved in any of the themes defined by Mars-Rahu: political plots, scandals, or intrigues. He told no one of his intentions until Dec. 1, 2012, when he first contacted journalist Glenn Greenwald by email. But Greenwald was busy and put off responding more fully for many weeks, being unskilled with the use of encryption techniques Snowden was requesting. Then in Jan. 2013, Snowden first contacted journalist Laura Poitras through encrypted email messages. Poitras brought Greenwald into the exchange as of April 18, 2013 when they met in New York City. And on June 1st they boarded a plane to Hong Kong.
Youngest & most iconic NSA whistleblower
From Snowden’s numerous interviews from June 2013 onward, including in the Laura Poitras documentary film about him – Citizenfour (Oct. 2014) – his strongest motivation for exposing the NSA mass surveillance appears to be his outrage at not only the secret and excessive nature of the data collection – being both illegal and unconstitutional, but also the lack of oversight. Over 5 million Americans have security clearance, enabling them to access extremely sensitive information on mostly unsuspecting and law-abiding private citizens or public officials, any of whom could be framed without their knowledge.
Natal Moon in Libra amplified by its exchange with Ascendant lord Venus in Cancer gives a sense of idealism and a certain vision of harmonious living. The shock to his idealized vision came when he perceived that this was the end of privacy and the ruin of the Internet by mass surveillance. Born in June 1983, Snowden was the first generation to grow up with the Internet, in his case from the age of 8. The World Wide Web was invented Dec. 25, 1990. (See Part 1 of this article on the triple JU-SA oppositions in Gemini-Sagittarius: 1989-1990.) He was only 18 when a mostly unsurveilled Internet still existed, or as he says: “before we were watched” – when the Internet was a “free and unrestrained” global exchange between individuals without the monitoring of governments and corporations. He says: “I remember what the Internet was like before it was being watched, and there’s never been anything in the history of man that’s like it.” (from the Laura Poitras documentary film, Citizenfour, 2014.) The aesthetic idealism of Moon-Venus combined with the intellectual and technological heat of Mars-Rahu-Sun in Gemini portrays someone who acts on his principles and may steal something in the process – in this case to save a great invention in any way he can, and in his view keep it from being destroyed by mass surveillance. For such a dangerous undertaking he will need protection. We will discuss shortly the various ways in which the planets help out.
As we now know, Sept. 11, 2001 was also when the Security State quickly became a reality, expanding into cyberspace and beyond. The 12-year Jupiter cycle from 9/11 would be likely to bring some serious consequences that would hit the mark in various ways. Other similar and strong revelations about NSA surveillance had preceded Snowden’s, and by older NSA analysts with more years of experience. A series of New York Times articles on U.S. government surveillance programs appeared in Dec. 2005, earning Pulitzer Prizes for journalists James Risen and Eric Lichtblau. This was followed in Jan. 2006 by Risen’s book State of War: The Secret History of the CIA and the Bush Administration. These reports and revelations prior to Snowden’s deserved the same attention as his, but lacked the power of timing from a Jupiter or Saturn return from 9/11. This timing, together with the influence of Snowden’s astrological birth chart and his personal timing enabled his revelations to have more sway and to bring more international attention to the issues he sought to expose. Snowden’s professional positions and computer tech skills gave him access to a far wider range of documents, especially from 2012, enabling him to unmask the long denied NSA spying programs and offer definitive proof. Then in 2013 he went directly to some top investigative journalists whom he admired and whose special expertise was national surveillance.
The U.S. government has charged Snowden with espionage. Even so, he has garnered widespread support around the world for what he has revealed about warrantless mass surveillance. By early Dec. 2014, even the Commissioner for Human Rights at the Council of Europe weighed in with a 120-page report saying that the mass surveillance exposed by Snowden is “not justified by the fight against terrorism” and that “suspicionless mass retention of communications data is fundamentally contrary to the rule of law … and ineffective.” Previous NSA analysts-turned-whistleblowers have agreed, citing the example of how critical intelligence gathered in the months prior to 9/11 was systematically ignored by decision-makers at various high levels of government. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/dec/08/mass-surveillance-exposed-edward-snowden-not-justified-by-fight-against-terrorism.
Considering his message and his mission, Snowden’s unintended destination contains some ironies. Russia is not an open civil society as it has evolved for the last several decades, and is even more constrained under Putin. Snowden is critical of the lack of press freedom in Russia, among other issues, but is probably safer there than many places. He is not employed by a Russian organization, but is financially secure from his substantial savings, along with remuneration from numerous awards and speaking fees. His relocation chart for Moscow is arresting, with Mercury-Mars-Rahu midpoint at the MC (top of the sky) at Moscow. Mercury with Mars is intense or impassioned communications, and Rahu amplifies whatever planets it touches. From the modern city of Moscow Snowden has been able to continue to communicate with the world electronically. For Vladimir Putin, harboring Snowden is no doubt a political advantage and a diplomatic coup, providing yet another source of contention with the U.S.
Physical health and well-being
To assess physical health we look at three planets: Ascendant lord (Venus here), Sun and Mars. Venus in the 3rd house in Cancer shows a major focus on the nervous and communication systems. The mutual exchange (Parivartana yoga) between Venus in Cancer (House 3) and Moon in Libra (House 6) brings in the controversy and complexity that 6th house contacts add to these matters. Any contacts between the Dusthana houses (6, 8, and 12) and the Ascendant lord can cause health problems, and in this case the vulnerable areas are the nervous system and the arms and legs. Natal Sun and Mars are very close to Rahu, especially Mars (within 9/60ths of one degree) and Mars is combust the Sun (i.e. so close it cannot be seen with the naked eye). As the two hottest planets, Sun and Mars together heat up the physical body and Rahu added to this combination can bring various hidden ailments to the surface, among them epilepsy, accidents or injuries, especially during the Dasha or Bhukti (sub-period) of Sun, Mars or Rahu. He contracted mononucleosis in 1998-1999 during Jupiter-Rahu Dasha; and in 2012, probably during his Saturn-Mars Dasha (April 2, 2012 to May 12, 2013), Snowden suffered some epileptic seizures for the first time and requested medical leave in May 2013 to undergo treatment. (His mother has epilepsy.)
A combust planet can lose power by being overwhelmed by the Sun’s heat and light. Since a combust planet cannot be seen, its qualities often assume a larger importance in the life. Paradoxically, it is also harder to judge the extent of its capacities, often resulting in overcompensation. With Mars, an already hot planet, there is an overheating; and in Gemini the intellectual abilities can be galvanized considerably or on overdrive. In this case it resulted in a computer-genius-turned-whistleblower. Mars here is ranked by Shadbala (a Vedic rating for planetary strengths) even higher than the Sun, in part due to being in a nakshatra that Mars owns: Mrigashira nakshatra.
“Of the several planets who are in conjunction with or aspected by Rahu, the strongest one gives the results indicated by it.” Bhavartha Ratnakara, Chapter 12, Stanza 24.
Rahu’s influence is foreign or iconoclastic, and Snowden’s chosen form of physical exercise throughout his 20s was kung fu and the martial arts, at which he became very competent. In 2007 his colleagues in Geneva, Switzerland noted his mastery in the martial arts. Now living in Russia, Snowden remains slim and says he eats relatively little – mostly a vegetarian diet, with no alcoholic beverages. He says his computer-related work gives him less time for physical exercise.
While living and working in Switzerland in 2007, Snowden loved to drive fast cars, again reflecting his Mars-Rahu-Sun in Gemini. With so much focus in the chart on either Gemini or the 3rd house, we expect to encounter large themes about travel, writing, and information, primarily its accessibility and/or sale. With two hot planets (Sun and Mars) amplified by Rahu, this not only speeds up his mind and nervous system, but gives him an interest in speed. That can and did make him prone to accidents (both legs broken in a military training in 2004), and to exhaustion or over-stress to the nervous system, impacting the physical body (mononucleosis in 1998-1999; epileptic seizures in 2012).
His 9-month bout of mononucleosis occurred from late1998 through spring 1999, during his Jupiter-Rahu Dasha. Missing most of 10th grade, he dropped out of high school by June 1999. The 4th house of education and home is ruled by the Sun, whose heat is further amplified by its close contact to Mars and Rahu. Their mutual interdependence indicates that a major or minor period of Mars or Rahu affects the Sun and vice-versa. Jupiter-Rahu Dasha brought disruptions on several levels: physical health, education, and family life. His parents’ marriage was disintegrating at this same time and was thought to be a factor in both his illness and his aborted high school education.
In spring 2013, during his Saturn-Rahu Dasha (May 12, 2013 to March 18, 2016) Snowden took a job with Booz Allen, a giant NSA contractor. This gave him access to what he considers some of his most important documents among the largest cache of NSA documents ever stolen. His Saturn-Rahu Dasha coincided with tr. Rahu in Libra: Jan. 15, 2013 to July 15, 2014. In Jan. 2013 Snowden was able to reach Laura Poitras, the first among several journalists to be of great importance to him and the first to trust his authenticity. Tr. Saturn previously re-entered Libra Aug. 2012 to Nov. 2, 2014.
If the Dasha-Bhukti planets are also conjoined in the heavens by transit, the significance of the sub-period is magnified. Tr. Rahu conjoined tr. Saturn in Libra four months prior to the start of Snowden’s Saturn-Rahu Dasha, confirming what would be the most pivotal part of his Saturn-Rahu Dasha: May 12, 2013 to July 15, 2014. Eight days after it began, on May 20, 2013 he flew to Hong Kong. On June 3rd he met for the first time with journalists who published the first story on his NSA documents two days later in The UK Guardian. Snowden chose to identify himself to the world, and the first article to do so in The UK Guardian was on June 11, 2013. Two days earlier a 12 ½ minute video of him made by Poitras was posted on-line. By the end of Saturn-Rahu period in mid-July 2014 more of his NSA documents were shared with the world via Greenwald and Poitras, and Snowden’s 3-year residency permit in Russia (up through Aug. 2017) was nearly set. Also in July 2014 his girlfriend Lindsay Mills joined him in Russia.
Mental & emotional health and well-being
Moon and Mercury tell us about the mind and emotions. First we will discuss the Moon. Even though he loves speed in the form of computer games, fast cars, and martial arts, at least in his 20s, Snowden’s natal Moon with Saturn protects him from acting too quickly on a number of fronts. Saturn is Shani in Sanskrit, or Shanishchara, slow-moving one. He waited six years before coming forward publicly as whistleblower on NSA mass surveillance. Prior to that, he tried to raise some of these issues through internal channels within his jobs but quickly learned that any criticism of the modus operandi was neither acceptable nor acted upon. There were also the potent precedents of NSA whistleblowers William Binney, J. Kirk Wiebe, Thomas Drake, and Edward Loomis, Binney and Drake in particular, who suffered ongoing harassment and criminal investigation. (See Part 1 of this article.)
Natal Moon in Swati nakshatra bestows the quality of independence, especially an independent mind. The person is an explorer, a wanderer, and a messenger dedicated to spreading information, ruled as it is by Vayu, the Vedic deity presiding over the wind. Its shakti or special power is “to scatter like the wind.” This can bring a lack of focus, but with Saturn’s influence on the Moon that flaw is greatly reduced. Individuals with this Moon placement are often dedicated to making information accessible to a larger public, especially, in this case, where there are four planets along the Gemini-Sagittarius axis: the personal and global nervous system.
We notice too that from Moon in Libra (as an important sub-Ascendant), Mars-Rahu-Sun in Gemini are in the 9th house, raising their intellectual status somewhat, though without reducing the heat generated from two fiery planets magnified by Rahu, and giving him a large capacity to receive and decipher information. His independence provided by Moon in Swati nakshatra is also shown in his ease in educating himself throughout his childhood, reading widely, and from 10th grade onward, gaining much of his computer expertise through self-directed study and very few academic credentials.
Situated in the 6th house from Taurus Ascendant, natal Moon is not comfortable, either in this house or with Saturn, requiring a sense of duty and hard work. Moon-Saturn contacts can show a depressed mind, especially in the 8th or 12th houses. But in the 6th house the disturbance is due to conflicts in life the person observes and cannot just observe without having concerns or strong opinions, including crises of conscience. Note that whistleblowing is a political act legally protected in democracies such the U.S. and U.K., and in many ways serves as “the regulator of last resort” (Annie Machon, UK). Even so it is fraught with peril, as is the world when regulators no longer regulate.
With the Moon in a nakshatra owned by Rahu (Swati), it is more intimately connected with Mars-Rahu-Sun in Gemini. All these factors contribute both to the superior intellect and to the possibility of boldness combined with political intrigue, scandal, or theft. There is a tendency to want to learn more and to be master over some field of knowledge, which in this case will be technical due to the influence of Mars-Rahu in Gemini and Saturn in Libra, again and again bringing us back to the five planets in air signs: Gemini and Libra, signs associated with mental activity and commerce.
The Moon is in a Chara sign (Aries, Cancer, Libra, Capricorn), making it action-oriented, as is Venus, the Ascendant lord, and the planet interacting with the Moon in a Parivartana yoga (mutual exchange of signs). With the Venus-Moon interchange, and Saturn’s influence on both Moon and Venus, Snowden is bound to be very serious and dutiful. Always a hard worker and ascetic by nature, he is a teetotaler and follows a mostly vegetarian diet.
Strong intelligence and intellect
As noted earlier, Snowden’s IQ was measured at 145 in two separate tests in his teens, showing very high intelligence. Mercury rules over the rational intelligence and the intellect, and is extremely well placed here in the Ascendant, its best angle of the chart, called Digbala. In the birth chart Mercury is in Taurus (sign of great good friend Venus), and is even stronger in the Navamsha Ascendant in Gemini, Mercury’s own sign. The latter creates a Bhadra yoga, one of the five Maha Purusha yogas (Great soul yogas), in this case giving Mercury additional strength and power and bringing out its finer qualities. These factors confirm the intellectual prowess shown by Snowden by his early teen years. For some years the lack of a high school diploma was an embarrassment to him, but his superior intelligence was so evident in his computer work that credentials became less and less important to his career advancement or his ability to earn a good income. Considered “a computer genius” by his co-workers and employers, he often solved their most challenging computer problems. Classic texts would equate such abilities with those of a “logician.” Mars-Rahu-Sun in Gemini (2nd house here) is also an excellent combination for a mathematician or technician, further elevated by Mercury’s strong placement as ruler of Gemini.
“If Sun and Mars are in the 2nd [house] the person becomes a logician…. If Mars is in the 2nd, the person becomes learned in logic.” Bhavartha Ratnakara, Chapter 2, Education Stanzas 4, 9.
Mars-Rahu-Sun in Gemini can also be unpredictable. As recently as 2009, Snowden’s remarks on social media indicate he was appalled about someone sharing government secrets. (See References: salon.com, Feb. 7, 2014.) But he later reversed himself when he witnessed the full extent to which the NSA surveillance together with the British surveillance (GCHQ) were out of control, even by modest standards. Thus, Mars-Rahu-Sun works on several levels, accounting for genius but also for intellectual overdrive.
Taurus Ascendant with Mercury in Taurus is not in a hurry, and will only strike when all the evidence is in. With Jupiter’s influence on Mercury, he always has a lot to say. And if Mercury is the planet of language, the 2nd house is speech, in which Mercury also plays a part here both as House lord and natural significator of speech. Some linguists say that the mind is visible through language. If so, then Snowden’s mind is revealed as being clear, calm, well organized, and with virtuosity for reviewing large amounts of information and data and quickly recognizing what is most important within a vast framework. Longtime family friends describe him as “always articulate, even as a child.”
It is very beneficial and protective to have a Shubha Kartari yoga. We know that 2nd house matters – including speech, personal income, kutumba (happiness from the family of origin), or anything related to occupants of the 2nd house, Mars, Rahu, and Sun in Gemini, including physical health – will turn out well somehow. This is due to the Shubha Kartari yoga surrounding the 2nd house. This occurs when classical benefic planets straddle the house in question, serving as a benign protective force over the affairs of the 2nd house as well as those over which the three occupant planets rule. Mercury is on one side in House 1 (Ascendant), Venus on the other side in House 3.
When planets other than Rahu or Ketu straddle houses either side of the Sun, there is an Ubhayachari yoga. This yoga brings an ongoing network of friends, colleagues and/or family who can be supportive through life. Many people have stepped up to help or support Edward Snowden since he came on to the world stage in early June 2013, offsetting the severity of the actions of the U.S. government, which immediately charged him with espionage and revoked his passport. Many countries also fell in line behind the United States. Snowden instantly became a hunted fugitive, though eventually reaching a safe haven with some assistance, part of it from Wikileaks founder Julian Assange.
Further protection is provided by three classic benefic planets situated in the angles of the Navamsha chart. Moon is aspected by Jupiter and angular to it (a Gaja kesari yoga), another positive influence. If unafflicted, as in this case, the person can enjoy many relations and have a good reputation that lasts even after death. Navamsha Moon in Pisces (the sign of sacrifice and surrender) in the 10th house improves his public visibility over time, while Mercury and Jupiter in mutual angles of the Navamsha chart bestow both ongoing protection and optimism.
The main negative for Snowden’s physical safety is Ascendant lord Venus (birth chart) situated in the Navamsha 8th house, though at least in the sign of planetary friend Saturn and aspected by Saturn. Navamsha Venus also forms a Viparita Raja yoga, giving personal and financial protection, especially the latter. This yoga occurs when lords of Houses 6, 8, and/or 12 are located in one of these houses (Dusthana houses). One of these yogas occurs in the birth chart, 8th lord Saturn in the 6th house aspecting its own house, and two Viparita Raja yogas occur in the Navamsha chart. Since residing in Russia, he is in demand to speak on a range of subjects within his expertise, all of this either in Moscow or via cyberspace for his personal safety. In general, if 8th house energies are manifested on other levels they can be less dangerous. He deals with research and secret information (8th house) and lives with his longtime girlfriend (Venus), who gave up a lot to join him in Russia (Navamsha 12th lord in the 8th house).
Further, Snowden has the Amala yoga, as mentioned, when a classical benefic planet is in the 10th house from either Ascendant or Moon. Amala again means “spotless,” and gives a spotless character along with lasting fame, reputation, and prosperity. This occurs from the Moon in the birth chart and from the Ascendant in the Navamsha chart.
One of the typical attacks on a whistleblower is that of mental or emotional instability, an old Soviet technique now replicated in the West, aiming to make a whistleblower appear less credible. Otherwise, he or she might embarrass or threaten the powers-that-be. But Snowden’s steadiness and level-headedness is shown by a strong Ascendant lord and classic benefic planets in kendras (angles) of the chart: Mercury in the Ascendant and Jupiter in the 7th house. Ascendant lord Venus is placed in the 3rd house in Cancer, in a Parivartana Yoga (mutual exchange of signs) with Moon in Libra. His Saturn is well placed, and together with the Moon gives seriousness of purpose. The most difficult house here (2nd house) is modified by the Shubha Kartari yoga, protecting his physical health and personal finances.
For the whistleblower to survive and prosper in the long term he or she needs mental and emotional stability, along with a good intellect, integrity, persistence, protection, and beneficial timing for when he or she takes action, and in the subsequent years. We have covered many of these points in Snowden’s chart, which shows several noteworthy components for mental and emotional stability, high intellect, and persistence. The Ascendant of his birth chart is in Taurus, a fixed earth sign, giving him consistency if the Ascendant lord and other key planets are in auspicious configurations. With Mercury strong in both these charts and even stronger in the Navamsha chart, this confirms that Snowden’s intelligence will be extraordinary. Mercury is also lord of the 5th house of the intellect for Taurus Ascendant, and serves as Raja and Dhana yogakaraka (significator for higher status and financial gains, respectively). For emotional stability we have discussed the qualities of Moon in Libra in Swati nakshatra, in exchange with Venus in Cancer. His chosen path requires independence and boldness, but ideally combined with circumspection and caution, which we do see here.
Lastly, the timing has to be beneficial for the personal safety of the whistleblower. Snowden is currently in Saturn-Rahu Dasha, and remains in this sub-period through March 18, 2016. Rahu is a more turbulent and unpredictable influence for anyone, and we have discussed how Rahu rules over Swati nakshatra, where his natal Moon resides. Rahu is also the foreigner. He has been granted temporary residence in Russia through Aug. 1, 2017. This coincides closely with the end of his Sade Sati (Sept. 10, 2009 to Oct. 27, 2017, marking the end of a period with greater pressures and responsibilities as well as conflicts (6th house Moon). Then tr. Saturn exits Scorpio.
Fortunately also, his 17-year Mercury Dasha starts Sept. 30, 2018. But he has to be especially cautious during Saturn-Rahu period (May 12, 2013 to March 18, 2016). At least foreign residence is well indicated now: Natal Rahu is in the 9th house (of foreign travel) from Dasha lord Saturn, and in the Navamsha chart Rahu is in the 12th house (of foreign residence) from Saturn. Further, the JU-SA conjunction for the 20-year period 2000-2020 occurred in the 12th house from his Taurus Ascendant and in the 7th house from his natal Moon. This gives some likelihood of his living in a 7th or 12th house setting (outside the U.S.) up to 2020, or at least up through the end of his Saturn Dasha Sept. 30, 2018. Snowden has said he would like to return to the U.S. if and when it is feasible.
If the next Maha Dasha (major planetary period in the Vimshottari system) were not favorable, we would predict a less favorable outcome for Snowden. But fortunately Mercury is a great good friend to Ascendant lord Venus and is well positioned in both birth chart and Navamsha chart, the latter amplifying Mercury’s strength, as mentioned earlier. Thus we can project that once Snowden reaches his Mercury Dasha on Sept. 30, 2018 he should be safely into a 17-year time range when his work and his personal communications (spoken or written) can truly flourish. His projects leading up to Mercury Dasha should add to his authority and deepen his perspectives. He may well be involved in the development of some important technologies that address the issues of mass surveillance. This timing bodes well for the foundation Snowden is currently working to fund – a new press freedom initiative intending to create tools that would allow secure communications for journalists. With the groundwork laid now, chances for real success of such a venture could come in his Mercury Dasha, from fall 2018.
In Oct. 2014 journalist and author James Risen said: “[Snowden] revealed… the dramatic expansion, in just a few short years, of the NSA’s ability to shadow the online presence of Americans. And that was a real contribution.” (Ref.: DemocracyNow! Interview Oct. 14, 2014) Snowden has predicted that problems of mass surveillance will not be solved by politicians but more likely through technology, and that high level cryptology can and will be developed to protect private citizens from being spied on by governments and/or corporations. Likewise, cryptology can protect nations and corporations from spying on each other, all of which happens now. So far he is proving correct regarding the non-action of politicians in curbing mass surveillance.
President Obama promised in Jan. 2014 to reform the NSA’s mass domestic spying but said he was waiting for Congress to enact reform legislation. This was proposed but died in the Senate in Nov. 2014. Then in early Dec. 2014 U.S. Congress passed the Intelligence Authorization Act, which funds intelligence agencies for the next fiscal year. Obama is expected to sign it. But unfortunately Section 309 of the bill allows for “the acquisition, retention, and dissemination” of U.S. phone and Internet data. This continues to give unprecedented statutory authority allowing for the surveillance of private communications. Regardless, Snowden moves ahead with the aims of some of his initial stated goals in an encrypted message to Glenn Greenwald in late May 2013:
“I want to spark a worldwide debate about privacy, Internet freedom, and the dangers of state surveillance…. I’m not afraid of what will happen to me. I’ve accepted that my life will likely be over from doing this. I’m at peace with that. I know it’s the right thing to do.” (from Glenn Greenwald’s book No Place to Hide, 2014, p. 4.)
- Bamford, James, “The Most Wanted Man in the World,” Wired magazine, August 2014. http://www.wired.com/2014/08/edward-snowden/
- Greenwald, Glenn, No Place to Hide: Edward Snowden, the NSA, and the U.S. Surveillance State, 2014.
- Harding, Luke. http://www.salon.com/2014/02/07/birth_of_a_whistle_blower_how_edward_snowden_became_edward_snowden/ Excerpted from Luke Harding’s book, The Snowden Files: The Inside Story of the World’s Most Wanted Man, 2014.
- Maass, Peter, “How Laura Poitras Helped Edward Snowden Spill His Secrets,” The New York Times, Aug. 13, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/18/magazine/laura-poitras-snowden.html
- Maass, Peter, “ & A.: Edward Snowden Speaks to Peter Maass,” The New York Times Magazine, Aug. 13, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/18/magazine/snowden-maass-transcript.html?ref=magazine
- Owen, Bill & Tricia. Before Snowden: Behind the Curtain (documentary film), July
- Packer, George, “The Holder of Secrets: Laura Poitras’s closeup view of Edward Snowden,” The New Yorker, Oct. 20, 2014. http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2014/10/20/holder-secrets
- Poitras, Laura. Citizenfour (documentary film), Oct. 2014.
- Risen, James. Interview with Amy Goodman on DemocracyNow! 14, 2014. http://www.democracynow.org/2014/10/14/james_risen_on_nsa_whistleblower_edward
- Snowden, Edward. Interview with Alan Rusbridger and Ewen MacAskill, The Guardian, July 18, 2014. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jul/18/-sp-edward-snowden-interview-rusbridger-macaskill
Copyright © 2014 by Edith Hathaway. All rights reserved.